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History of my town

A few centuries ago, where the municipality of San Carlos is located today around the year 1500, it is presumed that the indigenous communities of the Tahamies and Nutabes inhabited, descendants of the Chibcha populations that populated these areas, as it is an obligatory passage to the Magdalena River, from our ancestors San Carlos has had innumerable indications of riches.

Autor: Ricardo Saldarriaga Gaviria
Autor: Ricardo Saldarriaga Gaviria

The Tahamies ethnic group shared language and culture with the neighboring Nutabe, although they were clearly independent and autonomous from one another. This culture was expressed, economically, by their status as outstanding farmers, albeit with rudimentary technology, owners of huge fields of corn, cotton, various fruit trees and beans. They also intensively exploited fishing in our abundant and rich tributaries.

Around the year 1530, the Spanish colonization was given way by Captain Francisco Núñez Pedroso, suffering great hardships due to the difficulty of the terrain, he began his expedition, seeing how difficult it was to access through the mountains of Antioquia, he entrusted Juan Carreño, who invaded, to continue with it. the lands of the cacique Punchina and Nutabe reaching the banks of the Nare River.

The territory of San Carlos belonged to the domain of Cacique Punchina, the Spaniards named it the Valle del Corpus Cristi since it was discovered by the dates on which this Catholic holiday was celebrated, due to this invasion the aborigines set fire to houses and then fled , since they did not like the mistreatment of the expeditionaries.

Las crónicas de viajeros publicadas en Europa en el siglo XVI incluían con frecuencia alusionesal tratamiento que recibieron los indígenas americanos durante la Conquista.
Travelers' chronicles published in Europe in the 16th century frequently included allusions to the treatment of Native Americans during the Conquest.

When Captain Francisco Martínez and his expedition arrived at the Corpus Christi Valley and founded the town of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, then after 20 years it was moved to the valley where San Carlos is today and they changed their name to Santa María de Ageda. In these times, legend has it, it was set on fire by María del Pardo, a brave explorer, who according to its inhabitants made a pact with the devil to extract gold and when he did not comply with the pact, he stole the church bells and burned the people, in retaliation.

These rumors of the great wealth of the territory and its beauty were the reason why two captains of the crown arrived in the territory around 1558, Fernando Loyola and Diego de Carvajal, who after confronting each other and having a strong dispute left the territory.

Photograph taken from the Tabor stone.

The new town of San Carlos de Priego was founded on the 14th of August 1786 by Francisco Lorenzo de Rivera.

In 1800, the construction of our parish today known as "Nuestra Señora de los Dolores".

The growth and prosperity of the colony lasted until the 20th century when San Carlos ceased to become the obligatory passage of the Magdalena River to Medellín, but in the same way it preserved its agricultural vocation inherited by the indigenous people, the development of livestock and the nascent tourism. they established themselves as a new livelihood, until the time of displacement.

San Carlos is recognized as the hydroelectric capital of Colombia thanks to the great wealth of its waters that generate 29% of the national energy and due to its biodiversity in 2015 the Corredor de las Camelias was declared a protected area with an area of ​​12,718. 26 hectares belonging to the municipalities of Guatapé, San Rafael, Granada and finally San Carlos that contributes 57.30% of the total protected area, as they are biodiverse corridors in the jurisdiction of Cornare, the important thing about this protected area is that it is the natural corridor of the cougar; in addition to one of the birds in danger of extinction, such as the cacique candela, la river otter; the meliponas bee, a species that does not have a sting, does not sting and that can be kept on the farms of the peasants, where they can work and extract their honey, which has medicinal properties, hence the importance that the peasant families settled in this area receive a fair price for their crops so that they are caretakers of this wealth that we are proud to have.

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